Country Listing

Poland Table of Contents




Man in traditional local costume, Kraków.
Courtesy Sam and Sarah Stulberg


Figure 13. Population Density by District, 1992

Based on information from The Statesman's Year-Book, 1991-1992, Ed., Brian Hunter, New York, 1991, 1012.

Between 1939 and 1949, the population of Poland underwent two major changes. The deaths, emigration, and geopolitical adjustments resulting from World War II reduced the 1939 population of about 35 million to about 24 million by 1946. Only in the 1970s did Poland again approach its prewar population level. In addition, the ethnic composition of the country was drastically homogenized by the mass annihilation of Polish Jews and the loss of much of the non-Polish Slavic population through the westward shift of the borders of the Ukrainian and Belorussian republics of the Soviet Union.

Data as of October 1992