Soviet Union Table of Contents
Various Protestant religious groups, according to Western sources, collectively had as many as 5 million followers in the 1980s. Evangelical Christian Baptists constituted the largest Protestant group. Located throughout the Soviet Union, some congregations were registered with the government and functioned with official approval. Many other unregistered congregations carried on religious activity without such approval.
Lutherans, making up the second largest Protestant group, lived for the most part in the Latvian and Estonian republics. In the 1980s, Lutheran churches in these republics identified to some extent with nationality issues in the two republics. The regime's attitude toward Lutherans has been generally benign. A number of smaller congregations of Pentecostals, Seventh-Day Adventists, Mennonites, Jehovah's Witnesses, and other Christian groups carried on religious activities, with or without official sanction.
Data as of May 1989