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Soviet Union


Soviet relations with Turkey were poor during the Stalin period because of Soviet territorial claims against Turkey. These claims helped induce Turkey to join NATO in 1952. Relations improved during the 1950s and 1960s to the point where Khrushchev began giving economic assistance to Turkey in the early 1960s. During the 1980s, this economic assistance represented the largest program of Soviet aid to any noncommunist Third World state. Turkish relations with the Soviet Union further improved after the United States imposed an arms embargo on Turkey to protest the 1974 invasion and occupation of northern Cyprus. During the 1980s, Turkey continued a delicate balancing act between security cooperation within NATO and good relations with the Soviet Union.

Data as of May 1989