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Soviet Union


The chemical industry received intensive investment in the five-year plans of the 1980s. The long-term goal of the chemical investment program was to increase its share of total national industrial production from the 1975 level of 6.9 percent to 8 percent by the year 2000. As defined by Soviet planners, major divisions of the industry were basic chemical products; fertilizers and pesticides; chemical fibers; plastics and synthetic resins; and detergents, paints, and synthetic rubber for making consumer products.


A vital part of the chemical industry is polymers. The polymer industry has been centered in regions where petrochemical raw materials were processed: the Volga, Ural, and Central economic regions (see fig. 16). Among their other uses, polymers are intermediate materials in making plastics that can replace metals in machinery, construction materials, engines, and pipe. Soviet policy recognized that wider use of plastics would mean cheaper, lighter, and more durable products for many industries. Therefore, long-term plans called for nearly doubling the contribution of synthetic resins and plastics to the construction industry by the year 2000. However, the Twelfth Five-Year Plan also scheduled a 50 percent increase in consumer goods made by the chemical industry.

Data as of May 1989