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Soviet Union


Major new petrochemical plants in the 1980s were located at Omsk, Tobol'sk, Urengoy, and Surgut in the West Siberia Economic Region and Ufa and Nizhnekamsk in the Volga Economic region. New West Siberia plants were developed as joint ventures with Western companies. The huge Tobol'sk plant refined fuels and made intermediate products for synthetic rubber and plastics. The Tomsk complex in the West Siberia Economic Region produced 75 percent of Soviet polypropylene. Refineries at Moscow, Pavlodar (Kazakh Republic), Baku, and Groznyy (the last two based on oil from the Caspian Sea) advanced their motor fuel refinement operations to enhance fuel economy (see Fuels , this ch.).

Data as of May 1989