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Soviet Union

Metropolitan Railways

The Ministry of Railways also operated metropolitan railway systems, or metros, in major cities. In 1987 eleven cities had one or more metro lines in operation, and ten others were either building or planning to build lines (see table 43, Appendix A). In late 1986, the length of all lines on the metro systems was 457 kilometers, and over 4.6 billion passengers rode on the combined metro systems in that year. The eleven cities' operating systems had a fleet of about 5,950 passenger railcars in 1986.


Trucks, buses, and passenger automobiles were important primarily to local transportation systems. Trucks carried freight on short hauls except in areas not served by railroads or inland waterways. Almost all freight started or finished its journey on trucks but was carried greater distances by rail, ship, airplane, or pipeline. Buses carried substantial numbers of passengers, for the most part on urban or short runs. Transportation by privately owned passenger automobiles, which were relatively few on a per capita basis, was not significant compared with public means.

Data as of May 1989