Soviet Union Table of Contents
In the mid-1980s, buses were the primary means of passenger transportation, accounting for almost 44 percent of traffic on all transportation systems in 1986 (see table 45, Appendix A). Indeed, in 1986 public transportation buses carried the most passengers-- 48.8 billion passengers boarded--of all means of transportation. Most passengers traveled short distances on intracity and suburban runs. In 1986 the average distance traveled by a passenger was 9.5 kilometers. In that year, taxicabs carried more than 1.4 billion fares. In the 1980s, private automobiles were rare compared with most Western nations. In 1985 the Soviet Union had 11.7 million automobiles. Some Western authorities believed that about one-third of them were owned by the CPSU or the government.
Data as of May 1989