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Soviet Union

Passenger Transportation

Passenger transportation constituted an important function of the river fleet, although its share of the overall passenger traffic was small. In 1986 river boats carried 136 million fares. On major deep-water rivers, intercity or suburban passengers traveled on rapid--up to ninety kilometers per hour--hydrofoils. On small or shallow rivers, service was provided by surface skimmers and air-cushion vehicles.

The bulk of river travel was, however, for excursions and cruises. Big river liners, some of a catamaran type, equipped with cabins, dining rooms, and recreational facilities, took from 120 to 1,000 passengers on one-day excursions and on cruises of longer duration. On major summer holidays, the Moscow Navigation Company has transported between 80,000 and 100,000 passengers daily to and from recreational and tourist areas.

Data as of May 1989