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Soviet Union


The administration of civilian science and technology encompassed policy making, planning, and financing for the administration of nonmilitary science and technology. Policy making was primarily the responsibility of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) but also involved various all-union (see Glossary) governmental organs. At the all-union level, planning included the Council of Ministers, the State Committee for Science and Technology (Gosudarstvennyi komitet po nauke i tekhnike--GKNT), the Academy of Sciences, and the State Planning Committee (Gosudarstvennyi planovyi komitet--Gosplan). Below the all-union level, planning was handled by branch ministries and by republic or regional academies. Financing involved almost all these organizations, which worked in conjunction with the Ministry of Finance (see Administrative Organs , ch. 8).

Data as of May 1989