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Soviet Union

Principles of Military Art

The principles of military art are the basic ideas for the organization and conduct of battles, operations, and wars, and they can be applied on tactical, operational, and strategic levels. These principles evolve over time: some lose their significance, others acquire a new content, and new principles emerge. The l978 Soviet Military Encyclopedia listed the following eleven principles of military art: high combat readiness; surprise and striving to seize and retain the initiative; full use of all means and methods of combat; close cooperation between the services, also known as the principle (or concept) of combined arms; concentration of essential efforts; simultaneous destruction of the enemy to the entire depth of the enemy's deployment; full use of the moralpolitical factor; strict and uninterrupted troop control; steadfastness and decisiveness; comprehensive security of combat activity; and timely restoration of reserves. These principles guided Soviet commanders in planning, preparing, and waging armed combat.

Data as of May 1989