Turkmenistan Table of Contents
Formal Name: Republic of Turkmenistan.
Short Form: Turkmenistan.
Term for Citizens: Turkmenistani(s).
Date of Independence: October 27, 1991.
Size: Approximately 488,100 square kilometers.
Topography: Center of country dominated by Turan Depres-sion and Garagum Desert, flatlands of which occupy nearly 80 percent of country's area; Kopetdag Range along southwestern border reaches 2,912 meters; Balkan Mountains in far west and Kugitang Range in far east only other appreciable elevations.
Climate: Subtropical, desert, and severely continental, with little rainfall; winters mild and dry, most precipitation falling between January and May. Heaviest precipitation in Kopetdag Range.
Data as of March 1996