Country Listing

Belize Table of Contents




Figure 15. Belize, Organization of the Government, 1991

Belize is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary form of government based on the British model. The British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is the titular head of state and is represented in Belize by a governor general, a position held since independence by Minita Gordon. The governor general has a largely ceremonial role and is expected to be politically neutral. The constitution gives real political power to those who are responsible to the democratically elected House of Representatives, principally the cabinet and the prime minister. The constitution divides the government into three branches--the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary (see fig. 15). Additionally, the civil, or "public," service is overseen by an independent Public Service Commission.

Data as of January 1992