Yugoslavia Table of Contents
Figure 4. South Slav Territories at the Formation of the Yugoslav State, 1918
Source: Based on information from Gordon C. McDonald, et al., Yugoslavia: A Country Study, Washington: 1973, 44.
The Balkan Wars and World War I had dramatic consequences for the South Slavs. In the Balkan Wars, Serbia helped expel the Turks from Europe and regained lands lost in medieval times. By 1914 the alliances of Europe and the ethnic friction among the South Slavs had combined to make Bosnia the ignition point, and Serbia one of the main battlegrounds, of World War I. When Austria-Hungary collapsed after the war, fear of an expansionist Italy inspired Serbian, Croatian, and Slovenian leaders to form the new federation known as Yugoslavia (see fig. 4).
Data as of December 1990