Country Listing

Yugoslavia Table of Contents


Other Faiths

During the Protestant Reformation, a number of Protestant communities arose in regions now included in Yugoslavia. Many initial Protestant conversions were later reversed in the Counterreformation, especially in Slovenia and Croatia. The most notable exceptions were the Calvinist communities of Vojvodina. The surviving Calvinist Reformed Church in Vojvodina was mostly Hungarian in membership. In 1987 it had forty-three parishes, ninety-two affiliated offices, about sixty churches and prayer houses, and over forty ministers trained at theological schools in Austria, Hungary, and Switzerland. In the twentieth century, numerous Protestant faiths, including newer groups such as the Seventh-Day Adventists and Jehovah's Witnesses, also found a foothold in Yugoslavia.

Much of Yugoslavia's prewar Jewish community was destroyed in the Holocaust, and many of the survivors emigrated to Israel after 1948. Yugoslavia's 1931 census recorded a Jewish population of 68,405. By contrast only 6,835 persons identified themselves as Jews by nationality in the census of 1948, and in 1980 the number of Jews had shrunk to 5,638. The remaining community is organized into twenty-nine communes affiliated with the Belgradebased Federation of Jewish Communities of Yugoslavia.

Data as of December 1990