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The "Perspective" Five-Year Plan

In the five years between the first and second five-year plans, the Yugoslav economy followed ad hoc annual plans. During this interval, a high rate of investment and savings was maintained. In 1957 the government introduced a Second Five-Year Plan, called the "Perspective Plan" because its stated goals were not strictly mandatory. The primary purpose of this plan was to incorporate the principles of socialist self-management. The plan specified scope, expected trends in demography and productivity, volume and allocation of investment, and increases in production on the federal level. But enterprises, communes, and republics were left to their own devices in reaching production levels. They devised their own plans, then submitted them to the Federal Planning Commission. That body then consulted with republic planning institutes and drew up the final plan according to federal government policies.

Yugoslav economists consider the Second Five-Year Plan the most effective postwar Yugoslav economic plan. Its achievements came, however, at the expense of negative impact on the international balance of payments, uneven domestic investment patterns (which once again allocated insufficient investment resources to agriculture), growing unemployment, inflation, and cash-flow problems. Nonetheless, fulfillment of the plan was declared ahead of schedule in 1960.

Data as of December 1990