Country Listing

Cyprus Table of Contents



Armed Forces: National Guard--13,000 active in 1989, 1,800 of whom officers and NCOs seconded from the Greek Army; 66,000 first-line and 30,000 second-line reserves as of 1990. Five active battalions: two mechanized; one armored; one artillery; one commando.

[The Turkish Cypriot Security Force consisted of an estimated 4,000 men; most officers seconded from the Turkish Army; 5,000 first-line and 10,000 second-line reserves as of 1989. The force organized into seven infantry battalions equipped with light weapons. The Turkish Cypriot Security Force, supported by an estimated 30,000 soldiers of the Turkish Army, organized into two infantry divisions and an armored brigade.]

Military Equipment: As of 1990, National Guard's weapons included 30 AMX B-2 tanks, 27 armored infantry fighting vehicles, over 100 armored personnel carriers, several hundred howitzers, mortars, recoilless rifles and other pieces of artillery, 20 SA-7 missiles, 6 Gazelle helicopters, and 3 coastal patrol boats.

[Turkish forces equipped with several hundred M-47 and M-48 tanks, 105 mm, 155mm, and 203mm guns and howitzers, and Bell Uh-1D helicopters.]

Other Forces: United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus (UNICYP) consisted of about 2,000 men as of 1990, organized into four infantry battalions along national lines. As of 1990, British Army and Royal Air Force had about 4,000 troops stationed in two Sovereign Base Areas. Army organized into one infantry battalion and two infantry companies and one armed reconnaissance squadron; RAF unit consisted of one squadron with five Wessex helicopters. Army equipped with six Gazelle helicopters.

Military Budget: In 1990 about US$325 million.

[Planned Turkish Cypriot budget of US$3.9 million for 1990; most defense costs borne by Turkey.]

Police: Cyprus Police Force personnel amounted to 3,700 in 1989.

Data as of January 1991