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Cyprus

Transportation

According to government statistics, the Turkish Cypriot road network in the mid-1980s consisted of 5,280 kilometers of paved and 800 kilometers of unpaved roads. In an effort to support farming, the government constructed many service roads. The Department of Public Works was responsible for about 2,720 kilometers of paved roads, and the rest came under the jurisdiction of municipal administrations. After 1974, major highways were built between Nicosia and Morphou, Nicosia and Kyrenia, and Ercan Airport. Another highway to Gešitkale Airport was under consideration in the late 1980s.

The two major international airports in the "TRNC," Ercan and Gešitkale, were both administered by the Department of Civil Aviation. Ercan Airport was equipped with navigational aids and equipment and was capable of handling all types of aircraft (including the DC-10 and Airbus 300). About 120,000 passengers traveled through Ercan Airport each year. The national airline of the "TRNC," Turkish Cypriot Airlines, operated a small fleet of large, modern aircraft.

The major ports of the "TRNC" were Famagusta, Kyrenia, and Kalecik, located on the southwestern coast of the Karpas Peninsula. Famagusta was the main multipurpose port, capable of receiving in its inner harbor vessels up to 131 meters in length and with a draft of up to 6.7 meters. Part of Famagusta's outer harbor was a free port. Famagusta's port was equipped with tugboats, mobile and floating cranes, forklifts, warehouses, and a quay-connected modern silo with a storage capacity of 20,000 tons. In 1975, 608 ships sailed into the port. In 1987 this number increased to 1,042. The number of passengers increased from 65,403 to 91,986, and the total tonnage of goods entering the port from 72,755 to 290,736 tons.

The port of Kalecik consisted of two privately owned sections. One was equipped with a conveyor belt for bulk and/or bagged cargo and a pier 42 meters in length. The other section was a tanker terminal with submerged pipelines.

Kyrenia's small port had a maximum depth of 3.2 meters and was used mainly as a yacht harbor. Newer facilities to the east of the old port served as loading docks for ferries between the island and Turkey. The new port's total quay length in the mid-1980s was 409 meters; the main quay was 150 meters long, with an average depth of 8 meters. In 1987 more than 400 ships visited the port, bringing 37,000 passengers and 1,500 vehicles.

Data as of January 1991