Country Listing

Hungary Table of Contents



Figure 4. The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary, 1867-1913

Source: Based on information from C.A. Macartney, Hungary: A Short History, Chicago, 1962, 172.

The Compromise of 1867, which created the Dual Monarchy, gave the Hungarian government more control of its domestic affairs than it had possessed at any time since the Battle of Mohacs (see fig. 4). However, the new government faced severe economic problems and the growing restiveness of ethnic minorities. World War I led to the disintegration of Austria-Hungary, and in the aftermath of the war, a series of governments--including a communist regime--assumed power in Buda and Pest (in 1872 the cities of Buda and Pest united to become Budapest).

Data as of September 1989