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Indonesia Table of Contents

Indonesia

NATIONAL SECURITY

Armed Forces: Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia (ABRI); total personnel on active duty in 1992 approximately 468,000. Component services: army, 217,000; navy, 44,000, of which 13,000 are marines; air force, 27,000, of which 4,000 are "quick action" paratroopers; and national police, 180,000. Numerous active-duty and retired military personnel in civilian government jobs.

Military Units: Army: 30 battalions under central control, 100 battalions under Military Regional Commands (Kodams), 3 Special Forces Groups, and 2-squadron Aviation Command. Navy: two fleets (Armadas). Air Force: two Operations Commands (Ko-Ops). Police: commands (Poldas) generally coincide with provincial-level boundaries.

Military Equipment: Army: tanks, armored personnel carriers (APCs), towed and self-propelled artillery, fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, and maritime transport ships. Navy: submarines, frigates, fast-attack patrol craft, amphibious ships, fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, and marine reconnaissance aircraft and tanks, APCs, artillery, and rocket launchers. Air force: fighters, interceptors, counterinsurgency aircraft, maritime reconnaissance aircraft, transports, trainers, and helicopters. Most major equipment imported from Australia, Britain, France, West Germany, Netherlands, South Korea, and United States. Older equipment from Soviet Union. Increasing emphasis on domestic production of other items: light aircraft, small arms, and ammunition. Helicopters and transport aircraft assembled under license agreements.

Military Budget: Approximately Rp2.02 trillion, or 4 percent in FY 1991.

Foreign Military Relations: In keeping with nonalignment principles, no defense pacts. Indonesian military and police contingents participated in twelve UN peacekeeping forces since 1957. Military liaison maintained with ASEAN states, and combined military operations held with Australia, Britain, France, India, New Zealand, and United States. Military aid agreements with United States since 1950; International Military Education and Training (IMET) ceased in 1992. Aid agreements also with Australia, Britain, France, Netherlands, and Germany.

Internal Security Forces: All ABRI elements have internal security missions, army's regional forces and national police in particular. International security and intelligence apparatuses also important: Coordinating Agency for National Stability (Bakorstanas), State Intelligence Coordinating Agency (Bakin), and Armed Forces Strategic Intelligence Agency (Bais).

Data as of November 1992