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Japan Table of Contents

Japan

SOCIETY

Population: 124,711,551 in July 1993; nearly 80 percent in urban areas. High population density; 329.5 persons per square kilometer for total area; 1,523 persons per square kilometer for habitable land. More than 50 percent of population lives on 2 percent of land.

Ethnic Groups: 99.4 percent Japanese and 0.6 percent other, mostly Korean and some Chinese. Ainu and hisabetsu buraku constitute native Japanese minority groups.

Language: Japanese. Emphasis on English as second language.

Religion: Most (84 percent) observe both Shinto and Buddhist rites, and 16 percent other religions, including 0.7 percent Christian.

Health: In 1993 life expectancy 76.4 for males and 82.2 for females. Mortality rate 7.2 per 1,000 population. Healthcare system in 1990 included 9,000 general hospitals, 1,000 mental hospitals, and 1,000 comprehensive hospitals with total capacity of 1.6 million beds, plus nearly 81,000 outpatient clinics and more than 52,000 dental clinics. Approximately 212,000 physicians, 74,000 dentists, and 395,000 nurses, primarily in urban areas.

Education: Compulsory, free nine-year education followed by public and private upper-secondary schools and supplemented by preschool and after-school education. Elementary school grades 1 through 6; lower-secondary school grades 7 through 9; and uppersecondary school grades 10 through 12. About 94 percent of lowersecondary school graduates attend upper-secondary schools. In 1991, 507 universities, of which 372 private, formed top echelon of the 7,392 institutions of postsecondary education. Supervised by Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture. Literacy rate 99 percent in 1993.

Data as of January 1994