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Kyrgyzstan Table of Contents

Kyrgyzstan

Country

Formal Name: Kyrgyz Republic.

Short Form: Kyrgyzstan.

Term for Citizens: Kyrgyzstani(s).

Capital: Bishkek.

Date of Independence: August 31, 1991.

Geography

Size: Approximately 198,500 square kilometers.

Topography: Dominated by Tian Shan, Pamir, and Alay mountain ranges; average elevation 2,750 meters. Mountains separated by deep valleys and glaciers. Flat expanses only in northern and eastern valleys. Many lakes and fast-flowing rivers draining from mountains.

Climate: Chiefly determined by mountains, continental with sharp local variations between mountain valleys and flatlands. Precipitation also varies greatly from western mountains (high) to north-central region (low).

Data as of March 1996