Country Listing

Pakistan Table of Contents




Figure 6. Population by Age and Gender, 1993

Source: Based on information from PC Globe 5.0: The New World Order, Tempe, Arizona, 1992.

Street scene outside Lohari Gate, Lahore
Courtesy Anita M. Weiss

Various forms of transportation as found in Lahore--tonga, rickshaw, automobiles, and carts
Courtesy Anita M. Weiss

In early 1994, the population of Pakistan was estimated to be 126 million, making it the ninth most populous country in the world. Its land area, however, ranks thirty-second among nations. Thus Pakistan has about 2 percent of the world's population living on less than 0.7 percent of the world's land. The population growth rate is among the world's highest, officially estimated at 3.1 percent per year, but privately thought to be closer to 3.3 percent per year by many planners involved in population programs. Pakistan's population is expected to reach 150 million by 2000 and to account for 4 percent of the world's population growth between 1994 and 2004. Pakistan's population is expected to double between 1994 and 2022.

These figures are estimates, however, because ethnic unrest led the government to postpone its decennial census in 1991. The government felt that tensions among Punjabis, Sindhis, muhajirs (immigrants or descendants of immigrants from India), Pakhtuns, and religious minorities were such that taking the census might provoke violent reactions from groups who felt they had been undercounted. The 1991 census had still not been carried out as of early 1994. The 1981 census enumerated 84.2 million persons (see table 2, Appendix).

Data as of April 1994